FACTS ABOUT COVID-19
The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and the virus has now spread to many countries around the world.
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as ‘2019 novel coronavirus’ or ‘2019-nCoV.’ The COVID-19 virus is a new virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of common cold.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Symptoms can include fever, cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia or breathing difficulties. More rarely, the disease can be fatal. These symptoms are similar to the flu (influenza) or the common cold, which are a lot more common than COVID-19. This is why testing is required to confirm if someone has COVID-19.
How does COVID-19 spread?
The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person (generated through coughing and sneezing). Individuals can also be infected from and touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and touching their face (e.g., eyes, nose, mouth). The COVID-19 virus may survive on surfaces for several hours, but simple disinfectants can kill it.
Who is most at risk?
We are learning more about how COVID-19 affects people every day. Older people, and people with chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, appear to be more at risk of developing severe symptoms. As this is a new virus, we are still learning about how it affects children. We know it is possible for people of any age to be infected with the virus, but so far there are relatively few cases of COVID-19 reported among children. This is a new virus and we need to learn more about how it affects children. The virus can be fatal in rare cases, so far mainly among older people with pre-existing medical conditions.
What is the treatment for COVID-19?
There is no currently available vaccine for COVID-19. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and getting early care from a healthcare provider can make the disease less dangerous. There are several clinical trials that are being conducted to evaluate potential therapeutics for COVID-19.
How can the spread of COVID-19 be slowed down or prevented?
As with other respiratory infections like the flu or the common cold, public health measures are critical to slow the spread of illnesses. Public health measures are everyday preventive actions that include:
- staying home when sick;
- covering mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of used tissue immediately;
- washing hands often with soap and water;
- cleaning frequently touched surfaces and objects;
- thoroughly cooking meat and eggs; and
- no unprotected contact with live or wild form animals.
As we learn more about COVID-19 public health officials may recommend additional actions.
MESSAGES AND ACTIONS SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS AND STAFF
Following basic principles can help keep students, teachers and staff safe at school and help stop the spread of this disease. Recommendations for healthy schools are:
- All the schools across Vanuatu should be closed starting on until further notice.
- Teachers who are fifty years old and over should not come to school.
- Remaining teachers are encouraged to provide support to parents in difficulties from school 1 or 2 weeks after the distribution of the home school packages.
- Schools should enforce regular hand washing with safe water and soap, alcohol rub/hand sanitizer or chlorine solution and, at a minimum, daily disinfection and cleaning of school surfaces.
- Schools should provide water, sanitation and waste management facilities and follow environmental cleaning and decontamination procedures.
- Schools should promote social distancing (a term applied to certain actions that are taken to slow down the spread of a highly contagious disease, including limiting large groups of people coming together).
- Every TSC employees are restricted to be involved in unsafe activities stated below: + Drive a public transport (bus, taxi or public transport etc…) + Serve as salesman in a shop, kava bar, market or any activities that has close contract with lots of people
- The monitoring part of home schooling package is crucial, therefore it must be reported on a weekly basis to SIO and SBM Unit from Ministry.
CHECKLIST FOR SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS AND STAFF
- Promote and demonstrate regular hand washing and positive hygiene behaviors and monitor their uptake. Ensure adequate, clean and separate toilets for girls and boys + Ensure soap and safe water is available at hand washing stations + Encourage frequent and thorough washing of hands (at least 20 seconds) + Place hand sanitizers in toilets, classrooms, halls, and near exits where possible + Ensure adequate, clean and separate toilets or latrines for girls and boys
- Clean and disinfect school buildings, classrooms and especially water and sanitation facilities at least once a day, particularly surfaces that are touched by many people (railings, lunch tables, sports equipment, door and window handles, toys, teaching and learning aids etc.). Use a germ killer cleaning product if possible (e.g. bleach).
- Increase air flow and ventilation in rooms where climate allows (open windows and doors, etc.).
- Display posters encouraging good hand and respiratory hygiene practices within the school on the school board and in the communities.
- Ensure rubbish is removed daily and disposed of safely.
- Ensure that all children in Vanuatu stay home until further notice. Schools have to ensure that home school package are ready covering a period of 3 months.
- Provide support to parents in difficulties from school 1 or 2 weeks after the distribution of the home school packages.
- Encourage teachers, school staff, parents and communities to listen to the updates from the Government of Vanuatu via radio, TV, phone, newspaper or social media.
CHECKLIST FOR PARENTS, GUARDIANS, CAREGIVERS & COMMUNITY MEMBERS
Principals, teachers and school staff are encouraged to communicate the check list below for parents and community members to be ready to face the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Keep your children at home as the schools are closed until further notice and avoid contacts outside the household.
- If you (parent, guardian or caregiver) are sick, identify another family member or community member whom you trust to care for the children.
- Teach and model good hygiene practices for your children + Practice proper hand washing: - Wash your hands with soap and safe water frequently. - Always wash hands with soap and water, if hands are visibly dirty. iii. Wash hands regularly even if they are not visibly dirty. iv. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. + Ensure that safe drinking water is available. + Ensure that toilets are clean and available at home + Ensure rubbish is safely collected, stored and disposed of + Cough and sneeze into a tissue, a handkerchief or your elbow and avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose
- Encourage your children to ask questions and express their feelings. Remember that your child may have different reactions to stress; be patient, understanding and positive.
- Coordinate with the school to receive information and your home-schooling package. Ask how you can support your children’s learning at home.
- Encourage the learning of your children at home through in-doors and educational activities. Spend time together while waiting for the home schooling packages to be ready.
- Listen to the updates from the Government of Vanuatu via radio, TV, phone, newspaper or social media.
Last update: Wednesday, 8th April 2020, 1300 Local Time.